ASSOCIATION OF FRUITS AND VEGETABLE CONSUMPTION WITH MILD COGNITIVE IMPAIRMENT AMONG OLDER PERSONS LIVING IN LOW COST RESIDENTIAL AREAS IN KUALA LUMPUR

ISHAK, INTAN HAFIZAH and ABDUL MANAF, ZAHARA and SHAFIE, NORAMILIN and Shahar, Suzana (2015) ASSOCIATION OF FRUITS AND VEGETABLE CONSUMPTION WITH MILD COGNITIVE IMPAIRMENT AMONG OLDER PERSONS LIVING IN LOW COST RESIDENTIAL AREAS IN KUALA LUMPUR. Malaysian Journal of Nutrition, 21 (3). pp. 335-344. ISSN 1394-035X

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Abstract

Introduction The benefits of sufficient fruits and vegetables consumption for health are well known. This study investigated the adequacy of fruit and vegetable intake among older persons and its association with mild cognitive impairment (MCI). The study also identified motivation and barrier factors affecting fruit and vegetables consumption. Methods A total of 114 respondents aged 60 years and above (25 MCI and 89 non- MCI respondents) from low-cost residential areas in kuala Lumpur participated in the study. Subjects were interviewed using a standardized questionnaire with neurocognitive testing scales to determine their cognition level. Results A total of 15.7% of non-MCI subjects met WHO (2003) recommendations for fruit and vegetable consumption of 400g/day compared to 12.0% of the MCI subjects (p<0.05). Non-MCI subjects also had a significantly higher intake (281.6 ± 77.2 g/day) compared to the MCI group (250.4 ± 51.3 g/day). Total daily intake of vegetables and fruits was significantly correlated with digit span score (r=0.214, p<0.02). Total daily intake of green leafy vegetables was correlated with the verbal memory domain score of the total digit span (r=0.254, p<0.01). The main motivation factor for taking fruits, vegetables and ‘ulam’ (salads) was for health benefits belief, whilst the main barriers were dental problems and dislike for the tastes. Conclusion: Generally, intake of fruits and vegetables among the older persons was inadequate and associated with poorer cognitive functions. Improvement of oral health status and the provision of more choices of fruits and vegetables for older persons may increase their daily intake.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: R Medicine > RZ Other systems of medicine
Faculty / Institute: Faculty Of Health Sciences
Depositing User: miss noramilin shafie
Date Deposited: 26 Sep 2016 02:03
Last Modified: 26 Sep 2016 02:03
URI: http://erep.unisza.edu.my/id/eprint/5021

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