Federalism and its Challenges in Nigeria

Ahmad, Abdullahi Ayoade (2012) Federalism and its Challenges in Nigeria. In: Federalism, Democracy and Conflict Resolution. NA, NA (380). Macmillan Publishers India Ltd., India, pp. 312-328. ISBN 978-935-059-060-7

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It was estimated to 40 per cent of the world's population that live in countries that can be considered a federal. In Africa, Nigeria, Ethiopia, Sudan, and South Africa are clearly known in one way or the other practicing federalism. Nigeria is a Federal Republic made up of thirty-six states, and the federal capital territory of Abuja. The history of Nigerian federalism can be traced back to the pre-independence constitution of 1954 known as Lyttleton Constitution. Although it was Nigeria among the four Anglophone West African countries that attained independence under the status quo of federalism, but it was since argued that the federalism inherited from the colonial masters, and practiced aftermath was very weak. At independence, Nigeria comprised of three regions known as western region, Eastern region, and northern region, with the federal capital Territory of Lagos (now moved to Abuja). (N. A. Inegbedion; E. Omoregie). Since the affirment of federalism, Nigeria had been plugged into series of issues which had raised concern and the question of whether Nigeria is actually practicing a true federal system or not. To add more to the wound, the issue has been further triggered by damning report of the National Intelligence Council of the United States Government which forecasted that by the year 2020, Nigeria might cease to exist as a nation state. This and other major concerns attracted the writer to deliberate the paper on the challenges of Federalism in Nigeria. The paper investigating the level at which the system had been practiced, and what are the shortcomings, and the future expectation? To achieve it, the historical root of the early constitutional provisions that made it possible to adopt federalism will be investigated in collaboration with other historical instances of the time. The post colonial situation will be subsequently thoroughly investigated. The paper will be concluded with the realization of the reason behind the arising issue and a true federalism way out to resolve it.

Item Type: Book Section
Subjects: J Political Science > JZ International relations
Faculty / Institute: Faculty of Law, Accountancy & International Relations
Depositing User: Dr Abdullahi Ayoade Ahmad
Date Deposited: 08 Sep 2016 03:49
Last Modified: 08 Sep 2016 03:49
URI: http://erep.unisza.edu.my/id/eprint/4975

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