A study of coagulating protein of Moringa oleifera in microalgae bioflocculation

Hamid, Siti Hajar Abdul and Lananan, Fathurrahman and Khatoon, Helena and Jusoh, Ahmad and Endut, Azizah (2016) A study of coagulating protein of Moringa oleifera in microalgae bioflocculation. International Biodeterioration & Biodegradation, - (-). pp. 1-8. ISSN 09648305 (In Press)

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Abstract

Moringa oleifera is characterized by high coagulation properties, low cost and low toxicity hence is very promising to be utilized as an alternative coagulant to recover microalgae biomass from its suspension system. Hence, this study was performed with the objective to investigate the potentiality of M. oleifera as coagulant agent in harvesting microalgae and to investigate the effect of zeta potential in its coagulation-flocculation activity. Bradford protein assay was applied for rapid and accurate determination of protein concentration in the M. oleifera seed powder and protein powder. The flocculation activities were determined at isoelectric pH by computing the flocculation efficiency in terms of microalgae biomass recovery and removal percentage at various coagulant dosages. It was observed that the protein concentration was 211.71 mg g�1 mL�1 in M. oleifera seed powder and 188.16 mg g�1 mL�1 in protein powder which yielded 97% and 78% of biomass recovery, respectively at the dosage of 10 mg L�1. Result showed that M. oleifera seed derivatives supersede chemical coagulant, alum which yielded 34% of biomass recovery at the same dosage. M. oleifera seed powder and protein powder was proven to be highly promising bio-coagulant and suitable alternative to the chemical coagulant in environmentallysustainable harvesting of microalgae biomass

Item Type: Article
Subjects: S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)
Faculty / Institute: East Coast Environmental Research Institute (ESERI)
Depositing User: AP DR AZIZAH ENDUT
Date Deposited: 13 Jul 2016 03:48
Last Modified: 13 Jul 2016 03:48
URI: http://erep.unisza.edu.my/id/eprint/4864

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