Use and toxicity of complementary and alternative medicines among patients visiting emergency department: Systematic review

Abubakar , Ibrahim Jatau and Aung, Myat Moe Thwe and Tuan Kamauzaman, Tuan Hairulnizam and Basheer , A. Z. Chedi and Abubakar , Sha’aban and Ab Rahman, Ab Fatah (2016) Use and toxicity of complementary and alternative medicines among patients visiting emergency department: Systematic review. Journal of Intercultural Ethnopharmacology, 5 (2). pp. 191-197. ISSN 2146-8397

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Abstract

Many studies have been conducted in health-care settings with regards to complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) use among patients. However, information regarding CAM use among patients in the emergency department (ED) is scarce. The aim of this article was to conduct a systematic review of published studies with regards to CAM use among the ED patients. A literature search of published studies from inception to September 2015 was conducted using PubMed, Scopus, and manual search of the reference list. 18 studies that met the inclusion criteria were reviewed. The prevalence rate of CAM use among ED patients across the studies ranged of 1.4-68.1%. Herbal therapy was the sub-modality of CAM most commonly used and frequently implicated in CAM-related ED visits. Higher education, age, female gender, religious affiliation, and chronic diseases were the most frequent factors associated with CAM use among the ED patients. Over 80% of the ED physicians did not ask the patients about the CAM therapy. Similarly, 80% of the ED patients were ready to disclose CAM therapy to the ED physician. The prevalence rate of CAM use among patients at ED is high and is growing with the current increasing popularity, and it has been a reason for some of the ED visits. There is a need for the health-care professionals to receive training and always ask patients about CAM therapy to enable them provide appropriate medical care and prevent CAM-related adverse events.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: R Medicine > RS Pharmacy and materia medica
Faculty / Institute: Faculty Of Health Sciences
Depositing User: Professor Ab Fatah Ab Rahman
Date Deposited: 10 May 2016 02:35
Last Modified: 10 May 2016 02:35
URI: http://erep.unisza.edu.my/id/eprint/4759

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