IMPORTANCE OF ECOHYDROLOGY STUDIES IN TASIK CHINI RIZAB BIOSFERA (TCRB)

Toriman, Mohd Ekhwan and Kamarudin, Mohd Khairul Amri (2015) IMPORTANCE OF ECOHYDROLOGY STUDIES IN TASIK CHINI RIZAB BIOSFERA (TCRB). In: River Basin and Natural Lake Management. Penerbit Unisza, pp. 133-150. ISBN 978-967-0899-05-3

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Abstract

Tasik Chini is a natural freshwater lake, the second largest in Malaysia, after Tasek Bera. It is located in Mukim Penyor, Daerah Pekan, Pahang Darul Makmur. It is easily accessible by road from the east via Kuantan–Segamat Highway and frorm the north through Chenor traversing the south bank of Sungai Pahang. It is also accessible by boat across Sungai Pahang from Kampung Belimbing, and travelling upstream via Sungai Chini. The study area comprises Kawasan Warta Tasik Chini (KWTC) gazetted under Section 62(a) of the National Land Code, which overlaps with the Tasik Chini Rizab Biosfera (TCRB), a Biosphere Reserve designated by UNESCO in 2008. The area covered in the land use analysis for the study extended beyond the boundaries of the TCRB. Although the UNESCO MAB programme is in existence since 1970, it has not picked up in Malaysia. In 1997, Forestry Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM 1997) was the focal point for MAB Malaysia. By the middle of 1997, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia was nominated the focal point. However the MAB National activities have remained dormant and have no BR, despite its development in 1974. In 1995, the BR Concept was revised and adopted during the UNESCO general Conference of the statutory for Biosphere Reserves (BRs). Currently there are now 565 sites within the World Network of Biosphere Reserves (WNBR) in over 109 member countries. Biosphere Reserves therefore are important areas for conserving biological diversity, furthering scientific knowledge and develop technical competence and human values necessary for sustainable resource management and use. BR are seen as the building blocks of bioregional planning which form part of regional and national spatial development frameworks furthering sustainable utilization of resources at both levels. Each Biosphere Reserve is managed with these three roles in mind and is designed around a particular zonation pattern which includes: (i) A core area devoted to strict protection, (ii) A delineated buffer zone where only activities compatible with conservation objectives can take place, (ii) And a transition zone where sustainable resource management is practiced by co-operating with local communities. The MAB programme therefore is a national programme with international cooperation based on research, training and demonstration. It is one of the means for information diffusion and researches are tools for solving problems. Its formation is within the framework of the Secretariat with its headquarters at UNESCO Paris.

Item Type: Book Section
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > G Geography (General)
G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
Faculty / Institute: Faculty of Design Arts & Engineering Technology
Depositing User: Dr. Mohd Khairul Amri Kamarudin
Date Deposited: 04 Jan 2016 01:22
Last Modified: 04 Jan 2016 01:22
URI: http://erep.unisza.edu.my/id/eprint/4344

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