The Opposing Roles of IVS2+691 CC Genotype and AC/AG Diplotype of 118A>G and IVS2+691G>C of OPRM1 Polymorphisms in Cold Pain Tolerance Among Opioid-Dependent Malay Males on Methadone Therapy

Z, Zalina and Chee, Siong Lee and ibrahim, Muslih Abdulkarim and Musa, Nurfadhlina and Mohd Yasin, Mohd Azhar and Yeong, Yeh Lee and Soo, Choon Tan and Mohamad, Nasir and Ismail , Rusli (2015) The Opposing Roles of IVS2+691 CC Genotype and AC/AG Diplotype of 118A>G and IVS2+691G>C of OPRM1 Polymorphisms in Cold Pain Tolerance Among Opioid-Dependent Malay Males on Methadone Therapy. Pain and Therapy. pp. 1-18. ISSN 2193-651X

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Abstract

Introduction: We recently reported that a majority of opioid-dependent Malay males on methadone therapy are cold pain sensitive. It is postulated that common OPRM1 polymorphisms may be responsible. This study investigated the association between 118A[G (dbSNP rs1799971) and IVS2?691G[C (dbSNP rs2075572) variants on cold pain responses among opioid-dependent Malay males on methadone maintenance therapy. Methods: Cold pain responses including pain threshold, pain tolerance, and pain intensity were measured using the cold pressor test. DNA was extracted from the venous blood before polymerase chain reaction genotyping.Repeated measures analysis of variance was used to compare the cold pain responses and OPRM1 polymorphisms (118A[G and IVS2?691G[C) using models including genotype dominant and recessive models, allelic additive models, and analysis of haplotypes and diplotypes. Results: A total of 148 participants were recruited. With the recessive model, those with IVS2?691 homozygous CC genotype had a shorter cold pain tolerance time than those without CC genotype (i.e., GG/GC genotype; 29.81 vs. 43.08 s, respectively, P = 0.048). On the other hand, with diplotype analysis, participants with combined homozygous 118 AA genotype and heterozygous IVS2?691 GC genotype (i.e., AC/AG diplotype) had a longer cold pain tolerance time than those without this diplotype (49.34 vs. 31.48 s, respectively, P = 0.043). Cold pain threshold was not associated with any of the 118A[G and IVS2?691G[C variations despite being analyzed using various models (all P[0.05). Conclusion: The IVS2?691 CC genotype and AC/AG diplotype of 118A[G and IVS2?691G[C seem to have opposing roles in pain tolerance among opioid-dependent Malay males on methadone therapy. Haplotypes of OPRM1 may be associated with altered binding affinity.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Cold pain; Malays; Methadone maintenance; Opioid dependence; Pain tolerance; Polymorphism
Subjects: R Medicine > RM Therapeutics. Pharmacology
Faculty / Institute: Faculty of Medicine
Depositing User: Prof.Dr Nasir Mohamad
Date Deposited: 27 Dec 2015 01:21
Last Modified: 27 Dec 2015 01:21
URI: http://erep.unisza.edu.my/id/eprint/4078

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