Age and Gender correlates with the Anatomical aspects of Cranio-facial indices Among Children and Adolescents :A cross sectional study in Kuala Terengganu

Kaki Bale Swamy, , and A. Latif, Ahmad Zubaidi and Abd Hadi, Suwaibah and Hassan , Azmi and Kadarman, Norizhar and Mohd Amin Rebuan, Husbani and Che Mat, Khairi and Hussin, Rohayah (2013) Age and Gender correlates with the Anatomical aspects of Cranio-facial indices Among Children and Adolescents :A cross sectional study in Kuala Terengganu. In: International Smeinar on Islamic Jurisprudence in Contemporary Society, 30.11 2013-1.12.2013, Permai Inn hotel, Kuala Terengganu.

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Abstract

Objective;Head size measured through cephalometryserves as an indicator of brain size which is of great importance in assessing the intelligence of a population. The aim of this study was to assess the craniofacial indices of children and adolescents in Malaysia through Cephalometry. Material and methods:This cross sectional study was conducted on healthy primary and secondary school children. Anthropometric measurements including weight and height of the subject, cephalometrywhich includes the head length, height and breadth as well as face length and width were measured for each subject. Results:A total of 419 subjects (n=203 male and n=216 female) participated in this study. Mean age of the participants was 12.51 ±2.82 years. Male subjects were significantly taller (p=0.04) and had greater head height (p=0.004) and breadth (p<0.001) as well as greater face length (p<0.001) when compared with female subjects. Only facial length was significantly different between genders in the age groups (p=0.001) indicating that male subjects had significantly higher face length in the 14-17 year age group when compared with females. Conclusion:Lifestyle and ethnicity have an important role in determining the head size of children and adolescents. Keywords:cephalometry, craniofacial, facial index, cephalic index, adolescent,Malaysia

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Subjects: R Medicine > RB Pathology
R Medicine > RD Surgery
R Medicine > RJ Pediatrics
R Medicine > RZ Other systems of medicine
Faculty / Institute: Faculty of Medicine
Depositing User: Puan Suwaibah Abd Hadi
Date Deposited: 21 Aug 2014 02:37
Last Modified: 27 Apr 2015 08:32
URI: http://erep.unisza.edu.my/id/eprint/400

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