Rainfall Dynamics of Terengganu Malaysia and its Recent Trends Analysis Using the Mann-Kendall Test

Abdullahi, Musa Garba and Toriman, Mohd Ekhwan and Gasim, Muhammad Barzani and Juahir, Hafizan (2014) Rainfall Dynamics of Terengganu Malaysia and its Recent Trends Analysis Using the Mann-Kendall Test. Journal of Advances in Biotechnology , 4 (2). pp. 372-381. ISSN 2348-6201

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This study investigated the pattern and trends of the daily rainfall data in Terengganu Malaysia based on seasonal rainfall indices. The statistics of rainfall indices were calculated in terms of their means for seven stations in Terengganu Malaysia for the period 2000 to 2012. The findings indicate that the trend in the study area has no significant changes in stations (1, 4 and 6) while station (2, 3, 5 and 7) shows significant changes and southwest monsoon had the greatest impact on the whole stations, particularly in characterizing the rainfall pattern of the area. During this season, the study area could be considered as the wettest region since all rainfall indices tested are higher than in other neighboring state of the Peninsula. Otherwise, the northwest of the area is denoted as the driest part of the state during the northeast monsoon period. The northwest of the state is less influenced by the northeast monsoon because of the existence of the Titiwangsa Range, which blocks some part of the region from receiving heavy rainfall. On the other hand, it is found that the areas with lowlands are strongly characterized by the northeast monsoonal flow.The results of the Mann-Kendall test, shows that, trends of the total amount of rainfall during the southwest monsoon decrease at some of the stations. The rainfall intensity increases in contrast, increasing trends in the total amount of rainfall were observed at three stations during the northeast monsoon, which give rise to the increasing trend of rainfall intensity. The results for the combined stations in both seasons indicate that there are no significant changes in trends during the extreme events for the Terengganu Malaysia. However, a smaller number of significant trends were found for extreme intensity.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: The authors will like to thanks the entire staff of the Department of Irrigation and Drainage (DID) Terengganu, Malaysia for the providing the daily rainfall data for this study, and the UniSZA postgraduate school for the whole transportations they provided during the site visit and collection of data.
Keywords: Monsoon season, frequency of wet days; Mann-Kendall test; homogeneity test; rainfall intensity, total amount of rainfall.
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
Faculty / Institute: Faculty of Bioresources & Food Industry
Depositing User: Professor Mohd Ekhwan Toriman
Date Deposited: 20 Mar 2016 02:25
Last Modified: 20 Mar 2016 02:25
URI: http://erep.unisza.edu.my/id/eprint/3130

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