Symbiotic bioremediation of aquaculture wastewater in reducing ammonia and phosphorus utilizing Effective Microorganism (EM-1) and microalgae (Chlorella sp.)

Fathurrahman, Lananan and Hamid, Siti Hajar Abdul and Din, Wan Nur Sakinah and Ali, Nora'aini and Khatoon, Helena and Jusoh, Ahmad and Endut, Azizah (2014) Symbiotic bioremediation of aquaculture wastewater in reducing ammonia and phosphorus utilizing Effective Microorganism (EM-1) and microalgae (Chlorella sp.). International Biodeterioration Biodegradation, 95 (SI). pp. 127-134. ISSN 09648305

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Abstract

Bioremediation of aquaculture wastewater utilizing naturally occurring bacteria and microalgae have been widely used since 1990s in open pond. However, the relationship between both bioremediators especially in term of nutrient reduction had not been studied thoroughly in enclosed treatment system. Bioremediation of either Effective Microorganisms (EM) or microalgae (MA) independently required additional supply of oxygen and carbon dioxide, respectively to sustain their growth and treatment efficiency. Conversely, symbiotic bioremediation could omit these requirement due to the associate relation between both in term of respiration. EM bioremediation would produce CO2 and consume O2 whereas microalgae is vice versa. On top of that, both EM and microalgae simultaneously function as degradation of organic matter. In this study, symbiotic MAeEM showed higher removal percentage and removal rate on phosphorus of 99.15% and 0.534 mg L�1 d�1 as compared to 49.73% and 0.130 mg L�1 d�1 for the conventional MA bioremediation. However, inoculation of EM in the symbiotic MAeEM bioremediation did not significantly improved the removal of ammonia. With proper optimization of inoculation volume and bioremediation mode, symbiotic relations of these two microorganisms would benefits in designing more robust, economical and least maintenance on the wastewater treatment system.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)
Faculty / Institute: East Coast Environmental Research Institute (ESERI)
Depositing User: AP DR AZIZAH ENDUT
Date Deposited: 19 May 2015 03:18
Last Modified: 23 Oct 2015 12:46
URI: http://erep.unisza.edu.my/id/eprint/2447

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