Effects of Irrigation Frequency on Agro-Morphological and Physiological Parameters of Zea Mays L.

Mat, Nashriyah and Razali, Mohd. Hudzari (2014) Effects of Irrigation Frequency on Agro-Morphological and Physiological Parameters of Zea Mays L. In: TRANSACTIONS OF THE MALAYSIAN SOCIETY OF PLANT PHYSIOLOGY VOL. 22. Malaysian Society of Plant Physiology (Persatuan Fisiologi Tumbuhan Malaysia) , Universiti Putra Malaysia, pp. 114-117. ISBN 978-967-10840-3-8

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Abstract

Zea mays L. (maize) is originated from Mexico or Central America (Watson and Dallwitz, 1992) and brought to Malaysia in early 16th century (MARDI, 1992). It can be grown at temperature ranges between 5-45 °C but for the higher production yield, it must be grown at temperature between 30-35 °C and 10-15 °C during the sunny day and night, respectively (Department of Agriculture of Peninsular Malaysia, 1988). In addition, this crop also requires 500-800 mm of total water volume for optimum yield production (MARDI, 1992). However, on certain types of maize grown in certain areas, the maize requirement for water is different based on the rainfall distribution, plant size, soil texture and topography (Department of Agriculture of Peninsular of Malaysia, 1988). The requirement of irrigation on maize is very crucial at certain growth stages. During flowering and seed formation, water application is critically very important but, during crop maturity, only low water application is needed. Flowering has been found to be the most sensitive stage to water deficit, with reductions in biomass, yield and harvest index (Rhoads and Bennet, 1990; Otegui et al., 1995; Pandey et al., 2000). Thus, this study aims to investigate the effects of irrigation frequency on agro-morphological and physiological parameters of Z. mays.

Item Type: Book Section
Subjects: S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)
T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering
Faculty / Institute: Faculty of Bioresources & Food Industry
Depositing User: dr mohd hudzari haji razali
Date Deposited: 29 Oct 2014 12:52
Last Modified: 29 Oct 2014 12:52
URI: http://erep.unisza.edu.my/id/eprint/2107

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