Women Are at a Higher Risk of Metabolic Syndrome in Rural Malaysia

Mohamed, Hamid Jan and Mitra, Amal. K and Mohd Zainuddin, Laila Ruwaida and Soo, Kah Leng and Wan Muda, Wan Manan (2013) Women Are at a Higher Risk of Metabolic Syndrome in Rural Malaysia. Women & Health, 53 (4). pp. 335-348. ISSN 0363-0242 Printed 1541-0331 Online

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Abstract

Metabolic syndrome has been associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease and diabetes mellitus. The objective of this study was to determine gender differences in the prevalence and factors associated with metabolic syndrome in a rural Malay population. This cross-sectional study, conducted in Bachok, Kelantan, involved 306 respondents aged 18 to 70 years. The survey used a structured questionnaire to collect information on demographics, lifestyle, and medical history. Anthropometric measurements, such as weight, height, body mass index, waist and hip circumference, and blood pressure were measured. Venous blood samples were taken by a doctor or nurses and analyzed for lipid profile and fasting glucose. The overall prevalence of metabolic syndrome was 37.5% and was higher among females (42.9%). Being unemployed or a housewife and being of older age were independently associated with metabolic syndrome in a multivariate analysis. Weight management and preventive community-based programs involving housewives, the unemployed, and adults of poor education must be reinforced to prevent and manage metabolic syndrome effectively in adults.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: prevalence, Joint Interim Statement, women, metabolic syndrome, Malaysia
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine
R Medicine > RZ Other systems of medicine
Faculty / Institute: Faculty Of Health Sciences
Depositing User: LAILA RUWAIDA MOHD ZAINUDDIN
Date Deposited: 07 Jan 2015 01:10
Last Modified: 27 Apr 2015 08:41
URI: http://erep.unisza.edu.my/id/eprint/1750

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