Malaysia Report prepared for the Sulu-Celebes Sea Sustainable Fisheries Management Project. Component 4, Activity 3: Gathering socio-economic baseline indicators at Demonstration Site in Semporna

Komilus, Connie Fay and Kamu, Assis and Ha, Hou-Chew and Nguang, Siew-Ing (2013) Malaysia Report prepared for the Sulu-Celebes Sea Sustainable Fisheries Management Project. Component 4, Activity 3: Gathering socio-economic baseline indicators at Demonstration Site in Semporna. Project Report. Komilus, et al, Malaysia. (Submitted)

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Part I This baseline socioeconomic study focused on the communities who are directly involved in harvesting and processing of the three targeted fish namely Sardinella lemuru, Selar crumenophthalmus, and Rastrelliger kanagurta or locally known as ikan tamban, ikan tulai and ikan rumahan respectivley to compliment the main objective of the Sulu-Celebes Sea Sustainable Fisheries Management Project in Semporna. Target groups consist of households, fishing vessels and processors. Survey showed that the main ethnicities were mostly Bajau and Suluk. Most of the respondents were not highly educated while main occupation is as fishermen for fishing household and businessmen for non-fishing household. Seine nets, gill nets and hooks and lines as main fishing methods used by fishers although less than 39% of the fishers were involved as purse seiners. In general, breadwinners for households consist of 1-2 men while most women were housewives. Household monthly income was low at approximately RM250-RM500 and RM1250 for fishing households and non-fishing households respectively. Income per capita for fishing households and non-fishing households were approximately RM1307 and RM1734 respectively. More than 98% of households live in wooden houses either self-built or government bestowed. 52.7% non-fishing households sourced their supply from SESB while fishing households were more dependent on those registered with SESB for their electricity supply. 70% households had no pipe water supply while more than 94% used toilet without septic tank. The most common type of entertainment used by households were television (85.9%) followed by their cellphones (63.5%). Source of protein dietary for households were on fish (more than 91%) and eggs (51.8%). Fish consumption per capita (kg) was estimated at 62.93kg. Chicken and beef were not favorable except during festive seasons. Favorite fishing spots for fishing households were Denawan, Bum-bum and Omadal. Operational cost spent per trip consists of operational cost fuel (54.8%), ice (20.11%) and food (14.71%). The most caught fish were tamban, tulai and rumahan. Species according to highest market value were rumahan, tulai and tamban respectively. Profit sharing for purse seiners operation was at ratio of 50:10:40 among owner, captain and crew respectively. Purse seiners perceived that rumahan contributed the highest value among the fish species. CPUE of purse seiners were 873.3kg landing per day and 1767.9kg per GRT while RPUE were RM2057 landing per day and RM4197 per GRT. Processors showed confidence in the market price for all targeted fish although fluctuation of price occurs due to fish surplus or banjir ikan . This indicates that Semporna is a self-suffice district for small pelagic fish. Processors also faced minimal problem with fish supplies, size and price. Part II A monitoring methodology guideline of the selected socioeconomic indicators that includes socioeconomic indicators, source of information, data collection method, frequency of data collection, procedure of data collection, collection of other relevant documents, data collectors, cost of data collection and Gantt chart. The report concluded that the lessons learned in this project were supportive partners, dynamic team, appropriate schedule for surveys and reengineered questionnaires.

Item Type: Monograph (Project Report)
Keywords: SULU-CELEBES SEA, SUSTAINABLE FISHERIES MANAGEMENT, socio-economic baseline indicators, Semporna
Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
S Agriculture > SH Aquaculture. Fisheries. Angling
Faculty / Institute: Faculty of Bioresources & Food Industry
Depositing User: Dr Hou Chew Ha
Date Deposited: 03 Nov 2014 08:01
Last Modified: 03 Nov 2014 08:01

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