Investigation on the Frequency Allocation for Radio Astronomy at the L Band

Abidin, ZZ and Umar, Roslan and Ibrahim, ZA and Rosli, Z and Asanok, K and Gasiprong, N (2013) Investigation on the Frequency Allocation for Radio Astronomy at the L Band. Publications of the Astronomical Society of Australia, 30. pp. 1-10. ISSN 1323-3580

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Abstract

In this paper, the frequency allocation reserved for radio astronomy in the L band set by the International Telecommunication Union (ITU), which is between 1400 and 1427 MHz, is reviewed. We argue that the nearby frequencies are still very important for radio astronomers on the ground by investigating radio objects (H i sources) around 1300–1500 MHz. The L-band window is separated into a group of four windows, namely 1400–1427 MHz (window A), 1380–1400 MHz (window B), 1350–1380 MHz (window C), and 1300–1350 MHz (window D). These windows are selected according to their redshifts from a rest frequency for hydrogen spectral line at 1420.4057 MHz. Radio objects up to z � 0.1 or frequency down to 1300 MHz are examined. We argue that since window B has important radio objects within the four windows, this window should also be given to radio astronomy. They are galaxies, spiral galaxies, and galaxy clusters. This underlines the significance of window B for radio astronomers on the ground. By investigating the severeness of radio frequency interference (RFI) within these windows, we have determined that window B still has significant, consistent RFI. The main RFI sources in the four windows have also been identified. We also found that the Department of Civil Aviation of Malaysia is assigned a frequency range of 1215–1427 MHz, which is transmitted within the four windows and inside the protected frequency for radio astronomy. We also investigated the RFI in the four windows on proposed sites of future radio astronomy observatories in Malaysia and Thailand and found the two best sites as Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris (UPSI) and Ubon Ratchathani, respectively. It has also been determined that RFI in window B increases with population density.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science > QB Astronomy
Faculty / Institute: Faculty of Contemporary Islamic Studies
Depositing User: Roslan Umar
Date Deposited: 07 Jan 2015 00:49
Last Modified: 07 Jan 2015 00:49
URI: http://erep.unisza.edu.my/id/eprint/1465

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